Hiromi Clyne
December 1, 2003
Sociology 250.03
Introduction to Social Research
Dr. Roland Werner



The Trends of Japanese Expatriation since the Early 1990s

Hiromi Clyne
San Diego State University



Keywords: Japanese immigrants; Japanese expatriates; assimilation; isolation; aspiration; dilemma; social class; socioeconomic status; gender inequality.

Abstract: During most of the 1900s, the majority of Japanese expatriates were permanent immigrants. In more recent decades, however, temporary residents such as students and tourists have become visible Japanese expatriates. Since Japan became one of the world economic core countries in the late 1980s, an increasing number of Japanese have been seen all over the world. By using articles from sociological journals and Internet resources from various organizations, this research discusses which pull and push factors are causing current Japanese expatriate trends. The research focuses on a specific group, analyzing the reasons that young females have become the majority of Japanese students and temporary residents abroad and how modernized Japanese society, which has still maintained its traditional social norms significantly affects this trend.

Copyright 2004 by Social Systems Simulation Group and Hiromi Clyne. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or author.


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